Kerala: An Overview

Kerala or Keralam, is the southernmost state of India and came into existence on November 1, 1956. The people of Kerala are called Malayalees after Malayalam, the language of the State. English is also widely spoken in the state.

The state has an area of 38,863 Km2 (15,005 sq miles) and a population of 3,18,38,619. It has 14 districts or administrative divisions. The major cities in the State are Thiruvananthapuram (capital city), Kochi and Kozhikode. While Thiruvananthapuram is the largest city in the State, Kochi is its largest metropolitan area. Kerala is also known for its many small towns that are scattered across the state, thus creating a higher density of population (819 per sq km).

Kerala, also known as God’s Own Country, is one of the most popular tourist destinations in the world. It is famous for its tropical climate, enchanting backwaters, never-ending arrays of coconut palms, sunny beaches, spices, Ayurvedic treatments, and tropical greenery.

Kerala is one of India’s most progressive states in terms of social welfare and quality of life. The Human Development Index of Kerala is higher than all other states in India. With a literacy rate of 93.91 per cent, it is the most literate state in the country. It has a very high number of educational institutions that offer students world-class learning facilities in the domain of their choice. The State also boasts of India’s highest life expectancy and lowest child mortality rates. Its health and medical care facilities are at par with the best in the world.

With the surge in Information Technology, Kerala is also emerging as one of the most preferred IT destinations in the world. With three major IT parks and their hubs spread across the state, Kerala is has attracted the attention of almost all the major global IT players.